Paving the way to safer, saner Africa may involve using finance means outside of the traditional international banking sector, says Brian Pinkowski, an expert in post-conflict economicdevelopment. Pinkowski’s team of communication consultants have examined the claims of a Standard & Poors report that include:
We (S&P) believe the development of an Islamic finance industry could help Africa fund its significant infrastructure needs.
However, we think governments will take time to introduce new regulation and fiscal adjustments to foster African sukuk markets, increase investment options for potential investors, and attract a pool of Islamic liquidity.
The involvement of major multilateral institutions could accelerate the development of African sukuk issuance, in our view.
Pinkowski, who recently led an effort to connect Kosovo businesses with Guinea, says the concurrent demands of stability and development make large scale Islamic finance possible, butmore work must be done.
However, a framework of regulation and fiscal adjustments will be necessary to foster African sukuk markets, provide wider investment options for potential Islamic investors, and attract a pool of Islamic liquidity, the report says.
To date, African sovereigns have issued about $1 billion of sukuk instruments, compared with global sukuk issuance of an average $100 billion per year over the past five years. Meanwhile, widening fiscal deficits and large infrastructure gaps will likely require multibillion-dollar additional financing needs over the next decade.
Experience in South Africa and Senegal has shown that a significant amount of time can elapse between a government’s announcement of intent to issue sukuk and their effective issuance, as governments gauge market interests and try to address the legal hurdles and cost of issuance.
“We believe legislation gaps are the main causes of delay between a country’s intent to issue and its effective issuance of sukuk,” said Standard & Poor’s credit analyst Samira Mensah. The success of Malaysia in South-East Asia as a hub for Islamic finance lies, among other things, in the strong regulatory framework to support the sector’s growth. Malaysia also moved quickly in 2009 to address the standardization of instruments and interpretation of Sharia law.
Tax regimes are equally important to consider when encouraging sukuk issuance. Sharia-compliant instruments require equal treatment with conventional instruments for investors to consider them. Malaysia introduced various tax incentives that made Islamic finance a cheaper economic alternative for institutions to raise funding.
However, increasing technical assistance by the Islamic Development Bank (IDB) and Islamic Corporation for the Development of the Private Sector (ICD), are gradually facilitating also sovereign sukuk issues. ”We believe that a growing interest in Islamic finance could encourage some North African countries, as well as sub-Saharan countries Cote d’Ivoire, Nigeria, and Kenya, which have fairly well developed capital markets by regional standard, to issue sukuk in the future,” said Ms. Mensah.